Mobile positioning may include location-based services that disclose the actual coordinates of a mobile phone, which is a technology used by telecommunication companies to approximate the location of a mobile phone, and thereby also its user. The location of a mobile phone can be determined using the service provider's network infrastructure. The advantage of network-based techniques, from a service provider's point of view, is that they can be implemented non-intrusively without affecting handsets.
Network-based techniques were developed many years prior to the widespread availability of GPS on handsets. The technology of locating is based on measuring power levels and antenna patterns and uses the concept that a powered mobile phone always communicates wirelessly with one of the closest base stations , so knowledge of the location of the base station implies the cell phone is nearby. Advanced systems determine the sector in which the mobile phone is located and roughly estimate also the distance to the base station.
Further approximation can be done by interpolating signals between adjacent antenna towers.
Qualified services may achieve a precision of down to 50 meters in urban areas where mobile traffic and density of antenna towers base stations is sufficiently high. GSM localization uses multilateration to determine the location of GSM mobile phones, or dedicated trackers, usually with the intent to locate the user.
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The accuracy of network-based techniques varies, with cell identification as the least accurate due to differential signals transposing between towers, otherwise known as "bouncing signals" and triangulation as moderately accurate, and newer "advanced forward link trilateration " timing methods as the most accurate. The accuracy of network-based techniques is both dependent on the concentration of cell base stations, with urban environments achieving the highest possible accuracy because of the higher number of cell towers , and the implementation of the most current timing methods.
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One of the key challenges of network-based techniques is the requirement to work closely with the service provider, as it entails the installation of hardware and software within the operator's infrastructure. Frequently the compulsion associated with a legislative framework, such as Enhanced , is required before a service provider will deploy a solution. The location of a mobile phone can be determined using client software installed on the handset. In addition, if the handset is also equipped with GPS then significantly more precise location information can be then sent from the handset to the carrier.
Another approach is to use a fingerprinting-based technique,    where the "signature" of the home and neighboring cells signal strengths at different points in the area of interest is recorded by war-driving and matched in real-time to determine the handset location. This is usually performed independent from the carrier. The key disadvantage of handset-based techniques, from service provider's point of view, is the necessity of installing software on the handset. It requires the active cooperation of the mobile subscriber as well as software that must be able to handle the different operating systems of the handsets.
Google Maps. One proposed work-around is the installation of embedded hardware or software on the handset by the manufacturers, e. This avenue has not made significant headway, due to the difficulty of convincing different manufacturers to cooperate on a common mechanism and to address the cost issue. Another difficulty would be to address the issue of foreign handsets that are roaming in the network.
The type of information obtained via the SIM can differ from that which is available from the handset. For example, it may not be possible to obtain any raw measurements from the handset directly, yet still obtain measurements via the SIM. Crowdsourced Wi-Fi data can also be used to identify a handset's location. Hybrid positioning systems use a combination of network-based and handset-based technologies for location determination. Both types of data are thus used by the telephone to make the location more accurate i. Alternatively tracking with both systems can also occur by having the phone attain its GPS-location directly from the satellites , and then having the information sent via the network to the person that is trying to locate the telephone.
In order to route calls to a phone, the cell towers listen for a signal sent from the phone and negotiate which tower is best able to communicate with the phone. As the phone changes location, the antenna towers monitor the signal, and the phone is "roamed" to an adjacent tower as appropriate. We carry them everywhere we go, including courtrooms, churches, schools, boardrooms — well, you get the picture. Unfortunately, the prevalence of mobiles has given rise to crimes like hacking, cyber bullying, cyber stalking and catfishing.
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The onus is on you to be vigilant. The best way to combat cybercrime is awareness. Keep an eye on what matters to you. That includes your children, family members, and employees. With a GPS phone tracker, you can keep an eye on the people close to you without them knowing. Their movements will give you the clues you need to determine whether you should be concerned.
In this guide, we shall seek 20 best cell phone tracker apps to help you track a cell phone without them knowing. Even if your intentions are good, they might not see it that way.
Will they know? Cocospy is super-stealthy. It runs in the background, using a minuscule amount of system resources. Once installed, you can hide Cocospy. The iOS version of Cocospy is fully web-based and works without jailbreak. You can install it remotely. It also works on both smartphones and tablets.
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For more detailed instructions, you can click here. You can then access your phone tracker online by logging into your dashboard from any browser. One of the main reasons why most people go for iOS software devices is because of its security features. But with the recent advancement in tracking apps like Cocospy, it is now very easy to track an iPhone.
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Cocospy makes iPhone tracking way far too easy than you can imagine. Cocospy can then access all information from there. All you need is sign in with your account. The device, however, needs to have the iCloud feature for back up enabled. To track with iPhone without them knowing, you just need to sign in to Cocospy with their Apple ID and password. After the interface syncs the data after logging-in to the iCloud account, an interactive dashboard will display all the vital details of the device.
In-depth information related to the device can be found on the left panel. Spyic is a highly trusted iOS and Android cell phone tracker app to track phone without them knowing. Here is why Spyic is a such a standout app for phone location tracking:. Step 1: Sign up for a free Spyic account. Use an existing email ID. Step 2: Choose the target platform: iOS or Android.
Then, follow the setup prompts. Step 3: Wait for the Cocospy dashboard to load up and sync with the target phone. This could take a few minutes. Places visited are pinned on a virtual map. You get details like addresses, geographical coordinates, and timestamps. Spokeo is a great cell phone number tracker. Please use sound judgment when employing the following services. After you install the app, it will ask you to log in, and to make sure location is turned on. To track your device, you can also go to google. One of the great features here is that you can lock the device and write a message with an accompanying phone number.
That way if someone finds or has your device, all they have to do is press the Call Me button on the screen to call the specified phone number. You can also choose to play a sound or erase the phone remotely if you have no other choice. Remember that if you track your phone using a browser, you will have to log in to your Google account.